2017, Cilt 9, Sayı 1, Sayfa(lar) 006-009
Demographic evaluation of school aged children presenting to emergency department due to trauma
Feride Sinem Akgün1, Cem Ertan2, Özlem Güneysel3
1Maltepe Üniversitesi Tıp Fakültesi Acil Tıp Ana Bilim Dalı, İstanbul
2İzmir Üniversitesi Tıp Fakültesi Acil Tıp Ana Bilim Dalı, İzmir
3Lütfi Kırdar Eğitim ve Araştırma Hastanesi Acil Tıp Kliniği, İstanbul
Keywords: Emergency department, child, school age, trauma

Aim: The aim of this study was to contribute to national data by evaluating the demographic and epidemiological features and treatment results of school aged children presenting to a private university hospital’s emergency department due to trauma.

Methods: Medical files of children aged 6-12 years old presenting with trauma to Maltepe University Faculty of Medicine’s Emergency Department (ER) between1stJanuary 2013 – 31 December 2014 were retrospectively reviewed. Age, gender, place of trauma (school or out side school), cause of trauma (fall, motor vehicle accident, cut with foreign object, burn), consultations, procedures in emergency department, hospitalisation, discharge and mortality rates were collected and statistically analysed.

Results: Most of the 500 patients included in this study were male (n=287;%57,4) and presentation to ER were mainly between April-May (%11,8; 12). Trauma outside of school (n=284; % 56,8) was more common when compared to trauma at school (n=216; % 43,2). Falls (%96,6) and motor vehicle accident (%2,4) were the most frequent type of injury. Trauma was most common in extremities (%63,6) followed by head trauma (%31,6). Four hundred and eighty three patients were discharged after ER treatment, two were discharged on parents’ will, 14 required hospitalization and one patient was lost.

Conclusion: The most common cause of trauma in school aged children are falls. They can be prevented through increased safety measures at home. Our statistical results are similar to other studies.