2017, Cilt 9, Sayı 1, Sayfa(lar) 014-017
Nonpharmacologic Adjuvant Treatment in Pain and Anxiety Management in Intensive Care Unit: Music Therapy
Serpil Bayındır, Fatma Koçyiğit
Elazığ Eğitim ve Araştırma Hastanesi, Anesteziyoloji ve Reanimasyon Bölümü, Elazığ, Turkey
Keywords: Music, anxiety, pain, intensive care unit

Objective: The pain and the effect of anxiety management in support of music in mechanically ventilated intensive care patient is to identify through a variety of physiological variables.

Methods: This study was undertaken in 2015 with Glaskow Coma Scale (GKS) 6E-9E, 40 intensive care unit patients between the ages of 18-65. Classical Turkish Music was listened to the patients with 30 minutes consecutive for 3 days at the same o’clock (10:00 am). Patients’ anxiety and pain scores were assessed by physiological parameters such as heart rate (HR), peripheral oxygen saturation (SpO2), mean blood pressure (MBP), tidal volume (TV) and respiratory rate (f) in mechanical ventilator before and during music for 30 minutes.

Results: Patients were compared with Mann Whitney U test for 3 days before and after music values, HR, SpO2 and respiratory f were statistically significant (p< 0.05), but there was no significant difference between MBP and TV values. When Face Skala was compared with Mann Whitney U test, a significant difference was found in % 95 confidence interval (p=0.00).

Conclusion: We concluded that music therapy can be used effectively in the non-drug control of pain and reducing the anxiety and the pain in intensive care patients. We expect to be among the routine intensive care practices as non-pharmacologic adjuvant in the future because of the increased patient comfort and lack of side effects.