2018, Cilt 10, Sayı 3, Sayfa(lar) 083-086
Hypertensive Retinopathy and Risk Factors in Eskisehir Population
Hakika Erdoğan
Maltepe Üniversitesi, Tıp Fakültesi, Göz Hastalıkları Anabilim Dalı, İstanbul
Keywords: Hypertension, Hypertensive retinopathy

Aim: Hypertension is affecting the retinal, choroidal and optic nerve circulation. The retinal vascular network is a small copy of the systemic vascular network and can only be examined by a simple retinal examination, thus giving a direct overview of the overall microvascular structure. Follow-up of retinopathy is important in determining systemic prediction. The aim of this study was to investigate the incidence of hypertensive retinopathy, risk factors and accompanying systemic diseases.

Methods: The study was a prospective study. Participants who visited voluntarily to health centers in Eskişehir were included in the study. Age, gender, height, weight systolic (SBP) and diastolic blood pressure (DBP), history of DM, history of HT, smoking and alcohol use and drugs used were questioned. A total of 5181 cases aged over 40 years were evaluated. Retinal photographs were evaluated in terms of the presence and severity of HTRP. The relationship between the presence and severity of HTRP with systemic and demographic factors.

Results: The relationship between female gender, low education level, and high blood pressure was found to be correlated with the presence and severity of HTRP. but alcohol and cigarette use were not correlated with HTRP severity.

Conclusion: Determining the related factors in the prevention of hypertensive retinopathy and also the complication of hypertension is important. most of these factors are can be changed and diagnosis of the disease and make provision against the complication are observed as a significant factor. In this respect, ıt is an important step that the hypertensive retinopathy and related factors diagnosed.