Hypertension is affecting the retinal, choroidal and
optic nerve circulation. The retinal vascular network is
a small copy of the systemic vascular network and can
only be examined by a simple retinal examination, thus
giving a direct overview of the overall microvascular
structure. Follow-up of retinopathy is important in
determining systemic prediction. The aim of this
study was to investigate the incidence of hypertensive
retinopathy, risk factors and accompanying systemic
Methods: The study was a prospective study. Participants
who visited voluntarily to health centers in Eskişehir
were included in the study. Age, gender, height, weight
systolic (SBP) and diastolic blood pressure (DBP), history
of DM, history of HT, smoking and alcohol use and drugs
used were questioned. A total of 5181 cases aged over
40 years were evaluated. Retinal photographs were
evaluated in terms of the presence and severity of HTRP.
The relationship between the presence and severity of
HTRP with systemic and demographic factors.
Results: The relationship between female gender, low
education level, and high blood pressure was found to
be correlated with the presence and severity of HTRP.
but alcohol and cigarette use were not correlated with
Conclusion: Determining the related factors in the
prevention of hypertensive retinopathy and also the
complication of hypertension is important. most of
these factors are can be changed and diagnosis of the
disease and make provision against the complication
are observed as a significant factor. In this respect, ıt
is an important step that the hypertensive retinopathy
and related factors diagnosed.